INCAWORSHIP OF ANCESTORS AND SPLIT INHERITANCE

The people of the Andes knew that a lightning in the sky could spread death just as a crashing tree could do, but they also knew that without rain that followed the lightning and without food growing on the ground, no one could survive. Life and death were connected. It was discovered that seeds could…

INKADYRKELSE AF FORFÆDRE OG DEN DELTE ARV

Befolkningen i Andes vidste at et lyn på himlen kunne sprede død lige som et styrtende træ kunne, men at uden regn der fulgte lynet og uden mad der groede på jorden kunne ingen overleve. Liv og død hang sammen. Man opdagede at frø kunne spire, vokse, sætte blomster der blev til frugter der kunne…

PERU: THE CONTINUED GROWTH OF THE EMPIRE

In 1493, Huayna Cápac, the 11th Sapa Inca, took over the Inca dignity of his father, Túpac Inca Yupanqui. During Huayna Cápac, the number of revolts rose, and the main reason for this is believed to have been the extensions, that Cusco lay so far away that the original reciprocity – Pachacútecs principle of reciprocity,…

PERU: IMPERIETS FORTSATTE VOKSEVÆRK

I 1493 overtog Huayna Cápac, den 11. sapa inka, inka-værdigheden efter sin far, Túpac Inka Yupanqui. Under Huayna Cápac steg antallet af oprør, og den væsentligste grund hertil menes at have været udvidelserne, at Cusco lå så langt borte så den oprindelige gensidighed – Pachacútecs gensidighedsprincip, noget for noget – helt var forsvundet. Det var…

PERU: THE INCAS WAY OF RULING

Sapa Inca was the title of the sole ruler in Tawantinsuyu, The Four Regions. To and including the reign of the 9th Inca, Pachacútec, the ayllus had constituted the foundation of society. The Cusco-kingdom was relatively small, the ethnic Incas clustered in the manageable society and other ethnic groups could see benefits in joining the…

PERU: INKAERNES STYREFORM

Sapa inka var eneherskerens titel i Tawantinsuyu, De Fire Verdenshjørners Rige. Til og med Pachacútec, den 9. inka, havde aylluerne udgjort samfundets fundament. Cusco-kongedømmet var relativt lille, de etniske inkaer holdt sammen i det overskuelige samfund og andre etniske grupper kunne se fordele i at slutte op om herskeren i Cusco. Der kun var få…

PERU: COMMON PEOPLE LIVED MISERABLY

French economist Louis Baudin commented on Leguizamos will that exaggerations belonged to men of that time. Rhetorically, Baudin asks whether the morality that Leguizamo had admired in Peru was superficial as it was made mandatory by strict sanctions. Poma, who sharply criticized the behavior of the Spaniards and who claimed not to have seen the…

PERU: ALMINDELIGE MENNESKER LEVEDE ELENDIGT

Den franske nationaløkonom Louis Baudin kommenterer Leguizamos testamente, med at overdrivelser hørte til datidens mænd. Retorisk spørger Baudin om ikke den moralitet som Leguizamo havde beundret i Peru var overfladisk, da den var gjort obligatorisk af strenge sanktioner. Poma, der skarpt kritiserede spaniernes opførsel og som hævdede ikke selv at have set indianerne grådige efter…

PERU: MYTHS SHOULD MAKE PEOPLE TO FORGET

The Incas wanted to occupy history, and they succeded very well. When historians today refer to great cultures before the Incas, then these frequently are presented as pre-Inca cultures. The Incas are elevated to be the point of reference. Historically, it is true that these other cultures existed in the time before the Incas, but…

PERU: MYTER SKULLE FÅ FOLK TIL AT GLEMME

Inkaerne ville sætte sig på historien, og de fik sat sig særdeles godt tilrette. Når historikere idag omtaler store kulturer før inkaerne, så bliver disse hyppigt præsenteret som præ-inkakulturer. Inkaerne bliver ophøjet til referencepunktet. Historisk er det da korrekt at disse andre kulturer eksisterede i tiden før inkaerne, men de kunne beskrives ved andet og…