INCAWORSHIP OF ANCESTORS AND SPLIT INHERITANCE

The people of the Andes knew that a lightning in the sky could spread death just as a crashing tree could do, but they also knew that without rain that followed the lightning and without food growing on the ground, no one could survive. Life and death were connected. It was discovered that seeds could…

INKADYRKELSE AF FORFÆDRE OG DEN DELTE ARV

Befolkningen i Andes vidste at et lyn på himlen kunne sprede død lige som et styrtende træ kunne, men at uden regn der fulgte lynet og uden mad der groede på jorden kunne ingen overleve. Liv og død hang sammen. Man opdagede at frø kunne spire, vokse, sætte blomster der blev til frugter der kunne…

PERU: THE INCAS WAY OF RULING

Sapa Inca was the title of the sole ruler in Tawantinsuyu, The Four Regions. To and including the reign of the 9th Inca, Pachacútec, the ayllus had constituted the foundation of society. The Cusco-kingdom was relatively small, the ethnic Incas clustered in the manageable society and other ethnic groups could see benefits in joining the…

PERU: INKAERNES STYREFORM

Sapa inka var eneherskerens titel i Tawantinsuyu, De Fire Verdenshjørners Rige. Til og med Pachacútec, den 9. inka, havde aylluerne udgjort samfundets fundament. Cusco-kongedømmet var relativt lille, de etniske inkaer holdt sammen i det overskuelige samfund og andre etniske grupper kunne se fordele i at slutte op om herskeren i Cusco. Der kun var få…

PERU: COMMON PEOPLES FAITH

Most people in the Inca Empire did not worship the religion you get impression of in Coricancha. The gods there were predominantly reserved for the powerful and were explained to foreign chiefs when they had to be convinced of the excellence of Tawantinsuyu. It was thus rulers and captive, former rulers who where conveyed the…

PERU: ALMINDELIGE MENNESKERS TRO

De fleste mennesker i inkariget dyrkede ikke den religion man får indtryk af i Coricancha. Guderne dér var fortrinsvis forbeholdt magthaverne og blev udlagt for fremmede høvdinge, når de skulle overbevises om Tawantinsuyus fortræffeligheder. Det var altså herskere og tilfangetagne, tidligere herskere der fik formidlet inkaens dynamiske gudeverden som magthaverne dyrkede i takt med rigsudvidelsen….

PERU: THE INCAS DEFENCE FOR ATTACKS

Sitting in Spain, Garcilaso wrote about his Indian ancestors: Since their earliest kings, who were imitated by their successors, they never waged war unless moved by causes that seemed to them sufficient, such as the need that the barbarians should be reduced to a human and civilized existence, or offences and injuries inflicted on their…

PERU: INKAERNES FORSVAR FOR ANGREB

Siddende i Spanien skrev Garcilaso om sine indianske forfædre: Siden de første konger, som inspirerede deres efterfølgere, blev der aldrig ført krig med mindre de af særlige grunde var nødt til det så som for at lære barbarerne en menneskelig og civiliseret levevis eller på grund af fornærmelser og beskadigelser forvoldt af uciviliserede naboer mod…