INDIAN AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY

Latin America is also characterized by globalization: economic, technological and political. Not military dictators further represented the continent but – a transition – more social democratically oriented politicians, some of whom took Indian postures. Alejandro Toledo, who had grown up in an Indian family, was in 2001 sworn in as President of Peru at Machu…

PERU: COMMON PEOPLES FAITH

Most people in the Inca Empire did not worship the religion you get impression of in Coricancha. The gods there were predominantly reserved for the powerful and were explained to foreign chiefs when they had to be convinced of the excellence of Tawantinsuyu. It was thus rulers and captive, former rulers who where conveyed the…

PERU: INCA MARRIAGE

Sarmiento wrote that Sinchi Roca married Mama Cuca from Zañu. One generation before, Pedro Cieza de Leon had written that Sinchi Roca had been married to his sister and that their son Lloque Yupanqui had been married to the leader of Zañus beautiful daughter. Whether both Incas were married to a woman from Zañu is…

PERU: INCAS WANDERING WITH THE GOLDEN WAND

Garcilaso de la Vega wrote that the Sun to his son and daughter should have said: When you have reduced these people to our service, you shall maintain them in reason and justice, showing mercy, clemency, and mildness, and always treating them as a merciful father treats his beloved and tender children. Imitate my example…

PERU: A GOLDEN WAND TO THE CHILDREN OF THE SUN

Our Father the Sun, seeing men in the state I have mentioned, took pity and was sorry for them, and sent from heaven to earth a son and a daughter of his to indoctrinate them in the knowledge of Father the Sun that they might worship him and adopt him as their god, and to…

PERU: CHANGE OF RELIGION AS A FACTOR OF CONSISTENCY

Americas original inhabitants had for thousands of years worshipped their ancestors. As their descendants became more resident, they also worshipped Mother Earth and got a more dualistic world view. As early farmers their heirs developed a trinity represented by the snake, the puma and the condor. And much later, the Incas proclaimed themselves as Children…