AND PERU

Peru in the 20th-century was characterized by the urban bourgeoisie. A former president, Augusto Leguía, proclaimed himself in 1919 as dictator and endeavored for a decade to modernize Peru by undermining landlords and opening the country to foreign capital. US-American companies extracted copper and oil but also produced sugar cane, cotton and tobacco. The countrys…

OG PERU

Peru i det tyvende århundrede blev præget af byborgerskabet. En tidligere præsident, Augusto Leguía, etablerede sig i 1919 som diktator og bestræbte sig i et tiår på at modernisere Peru ved at underminere godsejerne og åbne landet for udenlandsk kapital. US-amerikanske virksomheder udvandt kobber og olie men stod også for dyrkning af sukkerrør, bomuld og…

PERU: MISSION AND RESISTANCE

I have told about many Incas and Spaniards, about what motivated them and how they clashed bloodyly. Small stories that I hope have drawn an outline of the great. Now I would like to end with a story of a single mestizo – son of an Inca woman and a Spanish man – for what…

PERU: MYTHS SHOULD MAKE PEOPLE TO FORGET

The Incas wanted to occupy history, and they succeded very well. When historians today refer to great cultures before the Incas, then these frequently are presented as pre-Inca cultures. The Incas are elevated to be the point of reference. Historically, it is true that these other cultures existed in the time before the Incas, but…

PERU: MYTER SKULLE FÅ FOLK TIL AT GLEMME

Inkaerne ville sætte sig på historien, og de fik sat sig særdeles godt tilrette. Når historikere idag omtaler store kulturer før inkaerne, så bliver disse hyppigt præsenteret som præ-inkakulturer. Inkaerne bliver ophøjet til referencepunktet. Historisk er det da korrekt at disse andre kulturer eksisterede i tiden før inkaerne, men de kunne beskrives ved andet og…