INCAWORSHIP OF ANCESTORS AND SPLIT INHERITANCE

The people of the Andes knew that a lightning in the sky could spread death just as a crashing tree could do, but they also knew that without rain that followed the lightning and without food growing on the ground, no one could survive. Life and death were connected. It was discovered that seeds could…

INKADYRKELSE AF FORFÆDRE OG DEN DELTE ARV

Befolkningen i Andes vidste at et lyn på himlen kunne sprede død lige som et styrtende træ kunne, men at uden regn der fulgte lynet og uden mad der groede på jorden kunne ingen overleve. Liv og død hang sammen. Man opdagede at frø kunne spire, vokse, sætte blomster der blev til frugter der kunne…

PERU: THE INCAS WAY OF RULING

Sapa Inca was the title of the sole ruler in Tawantinsuyu, The Four Regions. To and including the reign of the 9th Inca, Pachacútec, the ayllus had constituted the foundation of society. The Cusco-kingdom was relatively small, the ethnic Incas clustered in the manageable society and other ethnic groups could see benefits in joining the…

PERU: INKAERNES STYREFORM

Sapa inka var eneherskerens titel i Tawantinsuyu, De Fire Verdenshjørners Rige. Til og med Pachacútec, den 9. inka, havde aylluerne udgjort samfundets fundament. Cusco-kongedømmet var relativt lille, de etniske inkaer holdt sammen i det overskuelige samfund og andre etniske grupper kunne se fordele i at slutte op om herskeren i Cusco. Der kun var få…

PERU: DIVISION OF THE CONQUERED

The Inca could leave a conquered area for religious worship. Thus, a sacred mountain could be attributed ‘its’ area, just as gods, oracles, and the Sun Inti could ‘get’ possessions. Specifically, it meant that the people who lived in the area were instructed to cultivate the land and deliver the crops to the priests who…

PERU: DELING AF DET EROBREDE

Inkaen kunne overlade et erobret område til religiøs dyrkelse. Således kunne et helligt bjerg få tillagt ’sit’ område, lige som guder, orakler og Solen Inti hver især kunne ’få’ besiddelser. Konkret indebar det at de mennesker der boede i området blev pålagt at dyrke jorden og aflevere afgrøderne til de præster der stod for tilbedelsen…

PERU: THE INCA EMPIRE GROWS, GROWS AND GROWS

Pachacútec had his first son with his sister and appointed him heir to the throne. Later he had a son more, Túpac Inca Yupanqui, and then Pachacútec changed his mind and appointed him heir to the throne. In 1463, Túpac Inca Yupanqui was hailed as Pachacútecs comrade- in-arms – ie. his son waged war while…

PERU: INKARIGET VOKSER, VOKSER OG VOKSER

Pachacútec fik sin første søn med sin søster og udnævnte ham til tronarving. Senere fik han en søn mere, Túpac Inka Yupanqui, og så ombestemte Pachacútec sig og udnævnte ham til tronarving. I 1463 blev Túpac Inka Yupanqui hyldet som Pachacútecs medkæmper – dvs. sønnen førte krig mens Pachacútec afventede sejrsbudskaberne. I sine første 25…

PERU: PACHACÚTECS PANACA AND THE SPLIT INHERITANCE

From his palace on the north-west side of the site, Pachacútec ruled when he was in Cusco. Also that was four-folded, delimited by the streets and with a single, small door opening so the access easily could be controlled. It was both his home and administrative headquarter. It was his panaca, and the residents were…

PERU: PACHACÚTECS PANACA OG DEN DELTE ARV

Fra sit palads på pladsens nordvestlige side regerede Pachacútec når han var i Cusco. Også det var firlænget, afgrænset af gaderne og med en enkelt, mindre døråbning så adgangen nemt kunne kontrolleres. Det var både hans bolig og administrative hovedkvarter; det var hans panaca, og beboerne var hans familie med tjenestefolk. Alle skulle have noget…

PERU: PACHACÚTECS CORONATION

Pachacútec left his father for returning to the victory parade in Cusco, and he was accompanied by his illegitimate brother Inca Urco. On the way a quarrel emerged in the backs between Inca Urcos and Pachacútecs warriors. Some argued that it was an ambush and that there was a fighting, but Pachacútec ignored the tumult….

PERU: PACHACÚTECS KRONING

Pachacútec forlod sin far for at vende tilbage til sejrsparaden i Cusco, og han blev ledsaget af sin ’uægteskabelige’ bror Inka Urco. På vejen opstod et skænderi i de bagerste geledder mellem Inka Urcos og Pachacútecs krigere. Nogle hævdede at der var tale om et bagholdsangreb og at der blev kæmpet, men Pachacútec ignorerede tumulten….